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The opinions, findings, and conclusions or recommendations expressed are those of the Center author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the National Science Foundation.

Center Overview

The Smart Vehicle Concepts Center (SVC) focuses on novel and emerging trends in vehicle design that integrate smart structures, next-generation suspension or mounting devices, improved actuators or valves, intelligent sensors, and health monitoring and diagnostic systems. SVC conducts research to analyze, model, characterize, and design innovative engineered components capable of providing built-in actuation, precision motion control features, self-diagnostics, sensing, and self-healing capabilities while satisfying increasingly stringent vehicle design requirements.

SVC’s mission is to develop ground and aerospace vehicles of the future. To do so, it investigates smart materials and structures applied to ground and aerospace vehicles; builds an unmatched base of research, engineering education, and technology transfer with emphasis on improved vehicle performance, unprecedented safety improvements, and enhanced vehicle efficiency; and prepares next-generation engineers at the doctoral and master’s levels who possess both theoretical and experimental expertise applicable to auto and aerospace vehicles.

Universities

  • Ohio State University
View Center Website

Center Personnel

Professor Marcelo Dapino, Fellow of ASME and SPIE
Director, NSF IUCRC on Smart Vehicle Concepts
614-688-3689
dapino.1@osu.edu

Research Focus

Adaptive noise, vibration, and harshness: active noise and vibration control, adaptive structures, system integration

  • Design matrix and particulates for 3D printing.
  • Flexible piezoelectric sensors for vehicle applications.
  • Morphing panels for aerodynamic performance.
  • Multifunctional magnetostrictive systems: experiments and computer simulation.

Emerging vehicle technologies: vehicle electrification, autonomous vehicles, lightweighting

  • Dynamic friction characterization of icy road surfaces.
  • Effect of ultrasonic additive manufacturing (UAM) process on manufactured parts.
  • Robust integrated magnetic composites for magnetic gears.
  • UAM process modeling.
  • UAM structural reinforcement.
  • Vibration damping and energy harvesting.

Interfacial mechanisms: characterization, constitutive modeling, system integration (sensors, actuators, dynamic simulation)

  • Analysis of automotive system isolators.
  • Characterization and modeling of rubber bushings.
  • Inverse identification method for radiator mounts.
  • Multiscale finite element simulation of the mechanical behavior of fiberglass insulation. 

Safety, comfort, and health monitoring: machine and material diagnostics, human-machine interface, strain energy management

  • Architecture for mechanoluminescent structural sensors and sensing platforms.
  • Digital programmable actuators for distributed actuation.
  • Dynamic self-reforming lithium/solid electrolyte interface for solid-state battery.
  • Embedded fiber optic sensors for structural health monitoring.
  • Mechanoluminescent paintable light sources in automotive lighting systems.
  • Multifunctional structural panels with electroluminescence.
  • Smart condition detection and monitoring.

Awards