Center for High Pressure Plasma, Energy, Agriculture, and Biomedical Technologies (PEAB)
Last Reviewed: 3/20/2020
The mission of the Center for High Pressure Plasma, Energy, Agriculture, and Biomedical Technologies (C-PEAB) is to provide national coordination of fundamental and applied research in the fields of atmospheric, high-pressure, and liquid-phase plasma physics, chemistry, and biology, specifically focusing on new applications of plasmas.
Atmospheric, high-pressure, and liquid-phase plasma physics, chemistry, and biology form a novel area of plasma science and engineering. Increased interest in the field of plasma science and engineering is related to breakthrough novel applications of such plasmas to energy systems; cleaning of air, water, and other liquids; processing and synthesizing new materials; agriculture; nonchemical and nonthermal food processing; cosmetics; and especially plasma medicine. These applications are the major focus of the work being done at C-PEAB.
- Drexel University
- George Washington University
- University of Michigan
Drexel University, Site Director
University of Michigan Site director
George Washington University Site director
Fundamentals of atmospheric, high-pressure, and liquid-phase plasmas are very specific and challenging because of their strongly collisional nature, their often extremely high electric fields, space-time plasma instabilities, and specific restrictions on system uniformity and control. C-PEAB focuses on fundamental and applied investigations in the following areas:
C-PEAB research on plasma agricultures includes plasma stimulation of plant growth, seed germination, and hydroponics, as well as plasma application for water conservation in agriculture.
Cleaning of air
C-PEAB research includes investigations of air cleaning from industrial exhausts and chemical and biological pollutants.
Cleaning of water and other liquids
C-PEAB research on the cleaning of water and other liquids includes the control of water hardness, the cleaning of fracking and produced water, the control of perfluorooctane sulfonate and perfluorooctanoic acid in water, and water sanitization and sterilization.
C-PEAB explores the use of plasma cosmetics for skin rejuvenation, treatment of nail fungus, and cleaning and whitening of teeth.
C-PEAB research on plasma energy systems which includes the optimization, safety, and scaling of relevant discharge and devices.
Nonchemical and nonthermal food processing
C-PEAB research on plasma food processing includes plasma-stimulated washing and misting of fresh produce and plasma treatment of packaged food.
C-PEAB research on plasma medicine includes diagnostics, optimization, and standardization of plasma medical devices; the development of adaptive and self-adaptive plasmas for plasma medicine; analyses of the application of plasma to dermatology, wound healing, and blood treatment and coagulation; and the treatment of different types of cancers.
Processing and synthesizing new materials
C-PEAB explores the processing and synthesis of new materials, including microelectronic materials, polymers, metals, and novel energetic material.